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Russia coursework a2

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art essay history The following outline is intended as to provide one example of how to write an essay. Treat it as food for thought, as providing a set of suggestions some of which you might incorporate into russia, your own method for writing essays. It is useful to essay topics, begin by considering why essay-writing has long been the method of choice for assessment in history. The chief reason is that no other method provides as effective a means of russia, testing a student's comprehension of a topic. We want you to show us that not only have you acquired a knowledge of the topic but also that you fully understand the topic and the issues raised by it. Essays test understanding by asking you to select and materials help re-organise relevant material in russia order to ap european history essay, produce your own answer to the set question. An undergraduate essay need not be particularly innovative in russia coursework a2 its approach and insights, but it must be the child, product of the student's own dialogue with the russia coursework a2, subject. Essays which do not answer the question can only be regarded as demonstrating some knowledge of the topic, they cannot be said to show understanding of the topic. Essays which plagiarise or merely reproduce what others have said do not even show knowledge of the topic.

Plagiarism is thus not merely a matter of theft, it involves an entirely unacceptable subversion of the learning process. 2. Is there a right and a wrong answer? History essays are less about finding the correct answer to the set question than they are about demonstrating that you understand the issues which it raises (and the texts which discuss these issues). With most historical problems (certainly the most interesting ones) it is seldom possible to pakistan, arrive at a definitive answer. The evidence almost always permits a variety of solutions, and different approaches generate divergent conclusions. There are, however, limits to the field of russia coursework a2, possible solutions, since they must fit in with 'the evidence'. Of course, exactly what constitutes 'the evidence' is community essay, almost invariably one of the issues under discussion among the russia a2, historians who are most deeply engaged with the problem, but in general for each historical question there will be a body of evidence which is recognised as being relevant to it. This body of evidence will typically comprise what the primary sources tell us about the events and phenomena under discussion. A good answer will need to harmonise with all of this evidence, or explain why particular items have been dismissed as having no bearing on the problem. It follows from all of this that there certainly are wrong answers that is, answers which fall outside the field of possible solutions or which fail to take account of received evidence even though there is no 'absolutely right' answer.

Essential steps: select a question; identify the save wildlife, subject of the question; what are you being asked to do - that is, what kind of information will you need to answer the question, and how will you have to russia coursework a2, treat it? Circling the key words in the question is sometimes a helpful first step in working out exactly what you need to do. It is useful to note that there is usually a natural way of structuring your answer: that is, a way of organising an answer which follows naturally from the format of the question and which will put the fewest obstacles in the way of the reader: 'Explain' and 'why' questions demand a list of reasons or one big reason; each reason will have to environmental, be explained - that is, clarified, expounded, and illustrated. Coursework A2! 'Assess', 'evaluate' and 'define-the-significance-of' questions require judgements supported by reasons, explanation and evidence. You must show why your assessment is the best by considering its merits vis--vis alternative evaluations. It might be useful to define and defend the criteria on which your judgement depends.

That is, to explain why they are the best criteria for judging the historical phenomenon at essay ethics issue. 'What-role-did-X-play-in-Y' questions imply a functionalist approach - that is, they require that you identify the function of some phenomenon, group or institution within some specific system. Thus, the subject of the russia coursework, question is the 'Y' rather than the 'X' element. History Prompts! That is, the question requires a discussion of the system as a whole and the consideration of alternative explanations of how 'X' worked within it. 'To-what-extent' questions involve a judgement of measure. One way of russia a2, answering the question would be set up a series of 'tests', as it were, that can be investigated in turn. Save Wildlife! This essay will examine five spheres which cast light on russia the extent of Jewish influence in environmental essay topics high medieval France: namely, their role in the commercial life of the towns, the role of russia, Jewish banking in the agrarian economy, their influence on Christian intellectual life, .. [and so on]. The essay would need a conclusion in which you pulled together the results of on virtue ethics, your test cases: It has been seen that the Jews exerted a profound influence on the intellectual life of the universities but almost none on russia that of the established monastic orders.. 'Quote-and-discuss' questions require you to identify the on virtue ethics, issue at stake and to produce a reasoned response. Russia Coursework A2! You may respond, for example, by topics, agreeing with the a2, quotation in abuse which case you will need to explain why agreement is the best response, why it would be wrong to disagree. Russia! You should consider the merits of a variety of responses. If possible you should always examine the save, book or article from which the quotation has been taken in order to discover what its author meant by russia coursework a2, it, to discover how the author has understood the environmental essay topics, issues. 'Compare-and-contrast' questions demand the identification of similarities and differences. One method of tackling such an essay would be to distinguish five or six areas of similarity and contrast, and to devote a section of the essay to russia a2, each area - a section in which you would assess the degree of similarity and reach a sub-conclusion.

The conclusion would then require a summation of the various 'sub-conclusions'. It needs to be stressed that none of these types of question calls for a narrative approach . Essay Ethics! You will never be asked to produce a narrative of coursework, what happened. In rare circumstances, a few sentences of narrative may form part of the evidence cited in support of a point, but the essay as a whole should be organised according to a logical structure in which each paragraph functions as a premise in the argument. Ap European! The analytical and expository voice will always prove more effective than the narrative mode of writing. Coursework! The aim of your initial reading should be to identify an pakistan, argument which answers the question - one which you find plausible and can carry through with conviction. For this purpose, it will be useful to read at least two or three items, including a recent book covering the russia coursework, general area in which the topic falls. Articles in reference books such as an essay prompts, encyclopaedia can provide an overview, but they rarely provide adequate coverage of the issues.

Citing such works will undermine the credibility of your essay. Do not forget to make notes as you go. Making notes helps you to russia coursework a2, summarise arguments and ideas, to select points relevant to your essay, to clarify and adjust your understanding of the essay question and of the topic it bears upon. But your main priority should be to discover an argument. Community Development Pakistan! Once you have come up with a working argument, you need to draw up a plan to russia coursework, guide the next stage of essay, your research. It should comprise a list of the russia coursework, points which each paragraph will attempt to demonstrate, and rough notes on supporting examples. It may be useful to begin by thinking again what type of question you have chosen and by looking the ethics, natural way of answering it. Russia A2! In order to resistant materials help, draw up a plan you will need to evaluate its merits:

What points will I need to make in order to sustain this argument? Are there alternative points of view which will have to be considered and refuted in order to make this argument work? Do I have enough examples and evidence to support the points which are crucial to my argument? Do I need to know more about the examples I'm planning to use? Perhaps there is another way of coursework a2, looking at this piece of evidence which I'll have to mention or even refute? Having decided on the line of argument you intend to save wildlife essay, use, and identified areas where you need more material, search the reading list and bibliographies of the texts you've been using for books and articles which will help you to solve these problems. Go and collect the a2, information, making notes and adding notes to your plan as you go along. Do not forget to make careful bibliographical notes for every book and article you consult. You will need this information when it comes to history prompts, footnoting your essay. Inevitably, the previous stage will turn up things you hadn't thought of and books with better things to say about the topic. Do not panic.

Ask yourself: can your argument be saved with a few adjustments? Does the argument need to be re-constructed from scratch? If so, how can I recycle the information I've already begun to collect? Much will depend upon how confident you now feel about your argument. Follow your instincts: if the argument feels wrong, look for a2 a better one.

It is better to start again than to write an essay that lacks conviction. If complete reconstruction is ethics, unavoidable, go back to '5. Drawing up a Plan'. Having revised you argument (and plan), it's time to coursework a2, write your essay. If you've carried out steps one to five properly, it should be possible to write the first draft up in two or three hours. (a) Writing an Introduction. An introduction should show how you intend to environmental essay, answer the question, by (1) indicating the line of argument you intend to take, by (2) giving an overview of the organisation of what follows, and by russia coursework, (3) indicating the sort of material or evidence you will be using. It is an effective strategy, especially when writing a short essay, to wildlife essay, begin with a bold, attention-grabbing, first sentence which shows the marker that you know what you are doing: that is, answer the question as briefly as possible with your first sentence. The second sentence should then enlarge upon the argument indicated by the first. (b) The body of the essay. Intelligent use of paragraphing is coursework a2, crucial to the success of an essay. Often, it is best to organise the paragraphs so that each makes and defends a point or premise essential the coursework, argument of the essay. (By 'premise' is meant a point which is part of and essential to the argument of the essay.) It must be entirely clear how your points fit into the argument: essays which meander around the a2, topic leaving the marker to join the dots to comprise an answer are not acceptable, since they fail to demonstrate understanding.

It is environmental justice essay topics, a good idea to use 'topic sentences' to signal the subject and make explicit the point of each paragraph. These ought not to be too repetitive in form but should show how the paragraph fits into the argument of the a2, essay as a whole. The following topic sentences (here marked in red for clarity) would, for example, be appropriate as a way of introducing paragraphs that comprised a series of essay, 'tests' in coursework a2 a 'to-what-extent' essay that called for an assessment of the effects of the essay, Black Death on the development of medieval Europe. It is also possible to a2, assess the extent of the catastrophe by looking at the level of demand for land in the major urban centres. In Genoa, for example, land prices fell sharply from a high in 1310 of. [several sentences of examples] . The dramatic fall in the prices of development pakistan essay, land within urban centres implies an equally sharp fall in the numbers of people wanting to live in cities and, thus also, a sudden decline in the actual number of people living there.

Notice how the point briefly introduced in the topic sentence is developed naturally by the second sentence of the paragraph. It is better to coursework a2, avoid trying the explain everything in a single sentence: clusters of sentences that flow from one to gcse, another are much more effective! Signposting your evidence will give the essay that all important sense of critical depth and originality: Seapower was a crucial to European expansion. This much is illustrated by the way in which Europe expanded between the tenth and sixteenth centuries. Southwards and eastwards expansion in the eastern Mediterranean was heavily dependent upon the availability of effective fleets of warships and a2 trading vessels. There were critical moments, such as in the late eleventh-century conquests of Sicily and Sardinia, when. [and so on.] You need to give the marker a sense of where your opinions end and of where the supporting evidence begins. Community Development Pakistan! But remember to vary your signposts: using the same phrase over and over again will distract and bore the reader. If the coursework, supporting evidence is coursework, not a well-known and irrefutable fact, it will probably need to be given the coursework a2, additional support of a footnote indicating where you have obtained your information or which historian's interpretation of the piece of evidence being deployed you have chosen to follow. History Essay Prompts! It will sometimes be useful to quote other authors, especially primary sources, but do not overdo it. It is often better to put things in your own words while still clearly signalling the source of the idea and using a footnote (e.g. 'According to Mayer the first crusade.'), since this helps to show that you have understood what was being said - providing that you have indeed grasped what was being said! (c) The Conclusion.

All essays need a carefully thought out conclusion which follows logically from the points made and affirmed in the course of your essay. It need not rehearse the points you have rejected. Always check to see that the coursework a2, conclusion you have drawn is the one which follows logically from the points and evidence you have assembled. (d) Footnoting. Opinions differ over child abuse coursework new york whether to footnote after completing the first draft or as you write. Sometimes, it is best to go back and footnote the russia coursework a2, essay after you have finished, because inserting footnotes can disturb the child abuse new york, flow of your writing.

On the other hand, it is useful to consider what will need to be footnoted as you write, since footnotes are part of the rhetorical apparatus of a formal essay and give weight and power to an argument. For the same reason, it is russia, best to put the notes at the bottom of the essay, page rather than at the end of the a2, essay. It looks more impressive (especially if you cite well and widely), and saves the marker flicking back and forth. The markers, it should be noted, are under instructions to check footnotes. (e) Once you have finished you should compile your bibliography . (f) Now save your essay, print out a text, put it aside for a couple of days, and work on something else. Inevitably, when you come to re-read your essay, you will always think of better ways of putting things.

You may even think of supporting evidence you could add to the text, but make sure that any additions do not spoil the flow. You may find that some of your points are irrelevant: this material should be disregarded. You should also ask yourself whether the links between the paragraphs are clear and logical? Perhaps the essay would be more effective if they were put in a different order? If the essay has been written on a word processor it should be easy enough to achieve this by cutting and pasting paragraphs. Your essay should have a clear and consistent structure throughout, so that one paragraph follows another logically and carries the argument forward. You will need to edit: for grammar, spelling and punctuation; to child abuse online, remove unnecessary verbiage, colloquialisms and jargon; to ensure that the footnotes and bibliography conform with the required style sheet; and for the coherence and quality of your writing. You should always check the printed text of your essay before submitting it. The eye tends to overlook errors on the screen, and spell checkers almost invariably allow a significant number of mistakes to slip through. 'Their' and coursework 'there', for example, will both be accepted as correct by a word processor regardless of which one you should actually have used in a given context. The ability to essay, write good essays does not come to russia coursework a2, many people easily. It is a skill which requires constant attention and practice.

It is, however, a skill which will serve you well no matter what you choose to do when you leave university. Pakistan Essay! Effective communication is a key to success in russia many walks of life. There is, therefore, every incentive to essay on virtue, apply yourself to the development of this art. Credits: This guide was devised and developed by Paul Antony Hayward (2000-2007).

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Lucky Alice Sebold Essays and Research Papers. often think about characters long after a text has been finished. Analyse how the WRITER made a CHARACTER or characters MEMORABLE for you in russia coursework a text you have . Development Essay. studied. In The Lovely Bones, a provocative account of a young girl’s life and death, by a2, Alice Sebold , we are thrust into the cruel reality of Susie’s mislaid youth. We are immediately introduced to prompts, the protagonist, Susie Salmon, “like the fish,” who wastes no time in describing her brutal and gruesome death, followed by her ascent into heaven. Alice Sebold , Death , Family 1248 Words | 3 Pages. Claire LanahanEnglish 11 Honors 1BDue 12514.

Nonfiction The nonfiction novel, Lucky , written by Alice Sebold , is a memoir of russia a2, a life changing and . detailed experience of the author’s violent rape and essay, its aftermath. Alice survives a brutal attack and learns that life is about survival. Entering college for russia coursework a2, the first time in her life, not having a strong relationship with her parents and just a few friends to confide in; the assault only creates her emotional health to spiral downwards. Alice slowly progresses and responds to her traumatic. Alice Sebold , Assault , Lucky 1028 Words | 4 Pages. as well as your own reaction to the characters. “Murderers are not monsters, they're men. And that's the most frightening thing about them.” ? . Justice Essay. Alice Sebold Death is inevitable and the death of a loved one can take a huge toll on russia coursework, the members of a family because not only does it cause grief, but it also can unveil other hidden problems. Alice Sebold , author of The Lovely Bones uses the technique of a dead first person narrator to describe the emotional trauma and heartache the main character has. Alice Sebold , First-person narrative , Narrative 1031 Words | 3 Pages. As I understand, you have all read ‘The Lovely Bones’ by Alice Sebold . Justice Essay. Today we are going to examine her novel with particular . emphasis on a2, her purpose in writing a novel such as this and we will also look at how she conveyed her intentions. Prompts. This is an interesting undertaking when you consider the way she delivers the story.

There is plenty of material to get through so if you will all ensure that your mobile phones are turned off, I will begin. The Lovely Bones originates from a personal experience. Afterlife , Alice Sebold , Death 831 Words | 3 Pages. memorable for you in a2 a text you have studied. In The Lovely Bones by environmental topics, Alice Sebold the main character Susie Salmon is coursework a2 made . memorable to us through the use of narrative point of view, symbolism, setting and gcse help, her actions. The novel is based around the russia coursework a2 rape and murder of ap european history essay, her and she narrates the russia a2 process of essay, grief and russia a2, acceptance in a heart-warming, poignant yet beautiful way as she observes the effects of child coursework online new york, her death on earth from a2, heaven. Sebold creates a full rounded impression of her – we see her triumphs and. Alice Sebold , Character , First-person narrative 915 Words | 3 Pages. The book I chose to read for my second book report was The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold . There are 328 pages in ethics this book, and a2, . History Prompts. besides the picture of Suzie's charm bracelet on russia a2, the front cover, there are no illustrations in development pakistan the book. My older sister read this book a while ago and recommended it to coursework a2, me.

The setting of the story takes place in prompts Norristown, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia, in 1973-1981, before kids of all races and genders started appearing on russia a2, milk cartons and in the daily. A Story , Alice Sebold , Peter Jackson 1040 Words | 3 Pages. themself thinking What if i just left everything behind? What if i ran away from it all. Dave, Jimmy and Sean long to escape their hometown, but realize . the possibility does not exist. Abuse Coursework New York. Both Dave and George Harvey from The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold have become captured in their demented heads making them look dangerous to others around them. Russia. Dave has been a prime example showing the effects of what may happen to a rape victium. Abuse Coursework Online. However, Dave can not help how he has been effected by such a. Alice Sebold , American films , Black-and-white films 898 Words | 3 Pages. Peter Jackson’s 2009 film, The Lovely Bones, is russia a2 based off of the New York Times bestseller novel written by Alice Sebold . Both . the pakistan book and russia coursework, the movie adaptation tell the essay on virtue ethics story of a young, 14-year-old girl named Susie Salmon who is brutally murdered by her neighbor.

In both versions, Susie narrates her story from the place between Heaven and a2, Earth, the “in-between,” showing the child coursework new york lives of her family and friends and how each of their lives have changed since her murder. Russia Coursework. However, the film adaptation. Alice Sebold , Character , Literature 858 Words | 3 Pages. avoid talking about. We each deal with loss and essay topics, grief in different ways, and this is something the novel, ‘The Lovely Bones’ written by coursework, Alice . Sebold , emphasized. Ap European History Essay Prompts. Sebold effectively uses a range of techniques to express this idea, including first person narrative, pathetic fallacy, oxymoron and symbolism.

To begin with, first person narrative is russia coursework used by Sebold to portray the idea of loss and grief and how different people move on in different circumstances. Susie Salmon, the main character is used. Alice Sebold , First person , First-person narrative 1289 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction The Lovely Bones ,written by author Alice Sebold , gives a brief description of the book in the first line of community development essay, her . novel, My name was Salmon, like the coursework fish; first name, Susie I was fourteen when I was murdered on December 6, 1973 (Pg. Essay. 5). The novel is told through Susie, from the afterlife. She weaves back and forth in time from the date of her death in russia coursework 1973, remembering her life, peering into the mind of her killer, and watching the love ones she left behind. Child Coursework Online New York. Within the novel it appears.

Alice Sebold , Fiction , First person 1326 Words | 4 Pages. General Information The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold Fiction, fantasy This story is about a dead girls “life after death” . story. Susie Salmon is in The In-between watching her family deal with life without her there. Thus, this story is in a fiction/fantasy genre. Russia. Literary Elements The first-person point of development essay, view used in this story adds a solemn tone. To get to know the anger and coursework a2, hopelessness Susie feels deepens the sadness described in ap european essay prompts the novel.

If it was written in russia a2 third-person, then. Alice Sebold , Murder , Peter Jackson 2681 Words | 7 Pages. The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold . __________________________________________________ Introduction. ____________________________________________________________ _______ The Lovely Bones is essay a story written from russia coursework, a fourteen-year-old girls’ point of history prompts, view about the life of her family she is no longer part of after she becomes a victim of murder. A2. I. Tell us about the unusual perspective Alice Sebold has chosen for this book. Why is it so different. Alice Sebold , Debut albums , English-language films 478 Words | 3 Pages. Critical Lens : the essay Lovely Bones and the Color Purple. Critical Lens Essay Somebody once said, “In literature, evil often triumphs but never conquers”. Both The Lovely Bones by Alice . Sebold and The Color Purple by Alice Walker prove this quote true. Throughout The Lovely Bones, a family struggles with the dreadful murder and rape of coursework, a family member.

The book demonstrates how the family only community got stronger with the coursework passage of time. Their success in moving forward in life regardless of their encounter with such an evil act emphasizes the victory of good. Alice Sebold , Alice Walker , Peter Jackson 1202 Words | 3 Pages. The Lovely Bones: Themes Loss and ap european history essay prompts, Grief. bargaining, depression, and acceptance. However, Alice Sebold makes clear that these categories do not necessarily remain rigid . and that individuals deal with grief in coursework various ways. For example, Abigail, Susie's mother, withdraws from her living children, Lindsey and Buckley, whereas Jack, her husband, draws closer to them. Help. Lindsey, Susie's sister, vacillates between denial and acceptance, sometimes exhibiting both elements simultaneously. In addition, Sebold expands the definitions of both loss and grief.

Alice Sebold , Death , Grief 2093 Words | 5 Pages. ?Title “The Lovely Bones” Author Alice Sebold Text Type Novel Synopsis The novel is about a young girl, . Coursework. Susie Salmon, who is brutally raped and murdered by her neighbor, George Harvey, a serial killer of women and prompts, girls. She was 14 years old. After her death, she goes to a kind of heaven, and start watching her friends and family trying to move on with their lives and her murder still free. One year after Susie’s death her sister and father begin to suspect of the neighbor and. Alice Sebold , Demi Moore , Emotion 893 Words | 2 Pages. What literary techniques has Alice Sebold used to coursework, lead readers to essay on virtue ethics, sympathise with the characters In The Lovely Bones? ‘The . Lovely Bones’ was written by renowned author Alice Sebold , who utilized various literary techniques to enhance our understanding and enjoyment of the novel. Rather than just writing about the rape and murder of fourteen year-old Susie Salmon, Sebold instead focused the narrative on Susie rising to Heaven where she watched over her killer Mr. Harvey, her love Ray Singh and. Alice Sebold , Fiction , First-person narrative 1024 Words | 3 Pages.

A comparison of the ways that the dead affect the living in the novels Beloved by Toni Morrison and The Lovely Bones by Alice . Sebold . In the novels that I have chosen to study, several themes are prominent in russia coursework a2 both. Both novels deal with a brutal murder of a young female, and the impact surrounding her death. Save. They also deal with the idea of the a2 dead, directly or indirectly communicating with the living. Ap European History Essay Prompts. The novels address the theory that ‘ghosts’ cannot move onto the next life until they have resolved. Affect display , Alice Sebold , Death 1749 Words | 5 Pages.

?In at least 500 words or less outline the physical journey undertaken by Susie and the language techniques employed by the composer to communicate this . journey. In the novel ‘The lovely bones’ by russia, Alice Sebold , journeys are displayed through the character Susie. A journey is a process in life that someone goes through to reach a destination. It may be an emotional or inner journey, an ap european prompts, imaginative journey, or a physical journey. The character Susie, displays a physical journey in this novel through. Alice Sebold , Audience , Audience theory 825 Words | 2 Pages. The Unimportance of Closure in The Lovely Bones.

most significant theme of the work. Characters failed to achieve a closure ultimately, so they chose to continue their lives by coursework, different means with the . awareness of the unimportance of closure. Outline Introduction A. Introduction of Alice Sebold B. Writing background of The Lovely Bones C. Definition of closure I. Susie’s transformation from vengeance to justice, let go II. Jack’s transformation from vowing to find the corpse to retake the responsibility III. Abigail’s transformation. Alice Sebold , Argument , Love 832 Words | 5 Pages. The Lovely Bones Reading Response. Title: The Lovely Bones Author: Alice Sebold Genre: Extended Written Text (Novel) Interviewing Joey Nathan about the novel. . A2. Dominique: Who introduced you to this novel? Or how did you come across it?

Joey: Well I had seen the film not long after it was released and thoroughly enjoyed it, so I decided to essay, get the book out at the town library. It was one of the first books I have read that deals with the aftermath of death. Dominique: What’s it about exactly? Joey: Well basically a teenage. Alice Sebold , Character , Fiction 890 Words | 3 Pages. Alice Sebold's 2004 breakthrough novel The Lovely Bones is russia haunting, violent, beautiful, mysterious, and wonderful. Peter Jackson's 2009 . adaptation is some of those things. Both open with a young narrator telling us that she was 14 years old when she was murdered on December 6, 1973.

That's how we meet Susie Salmon (Saoirse Ronan): already gone and telling us not the story of her life and death (although that's in there, too), but the story of her family after her death. A portrait of a family. Alice Sebold , Novel , Peter Jackson 977 Words | 3 Pages. Analyze how the abuse online new york writer uses a character for a symbolic purpose in russia coursework an extended written text you have studied. Most of the character’s in . Alice Sebold’s The Lovely Bones, are strongly characterized and bring qualities that we, as readers, can relate to and understand, helping us to empathize with the child new york family and Susie. There is coursework one character however, that of pakistan essay, George Harvey, Susie’s rapist and coursework, muderer, who is purposefully characterized in pakistan a way that most members of society could not begin to understand.

Alice Sebold , Evil , First-person narrative 1775 Words | 4 Pages. The Lovely Bones, by Alice Seabold Book Report. to the overall mood of the novel and the dark content plays a part in the tone, as well as the rough times, and trials Suzie’s family goes trough. AUTHOR . Seabold is well known for her novel lucky , which addresses the topic of rape as shown in lovely bones. This novel as well as Seabold’s other novel lucky , shines a light on the personal struggles Seabold faced after herself being beaten and brutally raped during her first year at university. A2. It addresses real life horrors and issues concerning. Alice Sebold , Family , Girl 2979 Words | 7 Pages. The Lovely Bones, written by Alice Sebold , is originally published in hardcover by Little, Brown and Company in USA in 2002. Its . paperback version is published by Back Bay Books in New York, USA in child online 2004. It is a murder fiction that talks about life. A2. The story was set in Norristown, Pennsylvania, from 1973 to 1981.

It was full with sadness, bittersweet but finally, happiness. It began with the narration by a dead, 14-year-old girl, Susie Salmon. She was raped and child online new york, murdered by her neighbor, Mr. Alice Sebold , Death , Killer 1431 Words | 4 Pages. Dealing with Grief in the Lovely Bones. The characters in Alice Sebold’s The Lovely Bones are faced with the difficult task of overcoming the loss of Susie, their daughter and sister. . Russia Coursework A2. Jack, Abigail, Buckley, and Lindsey each deal with the loss differently. However, it is Susie who has the most difficulty accepting the loss of justice essay, her own life. Several psychologists separate the grieving process into two main categories: intuitive and instrumental grievers. Coursework. Intuitive grievers communicate their emotional distress and “experience, express, and. Alice Sebold , Emotion , Family 1829 Words | 5 Pages.

which said to get the things he wanted he had to work hard and take initiative. Jack demonstrates this often when his oldest daughter is murdered and he . Essay. takes charge of finding the coursework a2 murderer. Upon first hearing the community pakistan news he begins going “door to door” ( Sebold 55) looking for his daughter. He believes that by searching he will find some kind of trace that will lead him to discovering the coursework a2 murderer. After not finding anything he starts looking for clues everywhere else. Gcse Resistant. One day Jack decides to a2, go over to. Alice Sebold , Murder , Peter Jackson 1236 Words | 4 Pages. A Look at Grief and Loss in the Lovely Bones. the loss of save essay, a loved one greatly affects other members of their family. Such is the case in Alice Sebold’s The Lovely Bones. Susie Salmon’s . parents, Jack and Abigail, find it nearly impossible to deal with the loss of russia coursework a2, their teenage daughter.

As evidence proving that Susie has been murdered continues to mount, Abigail holds on to a small shred of hope through the save wildlife essay words “[n]othing is ever certain” ( Sebold 20), while Jack is a2 determined to find Susie’s killer. During this time, Lindsey Salmon, Susie’s. Alice Sebold , Death , Family 959 Words | 3 Pages. life is aftermath” (“Letting go; New fiction” 1). Tragic events often leave the victim and those close to them seeking closure. The journey of discovery is . filled with many obstacles that everyone reacts differently. The novel The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold shows how the journey to get through emotional trauma caused by death of a loved one, and life that can never be continued affects everyone in different ways. The Salmon family embarks on a journey through life with struggles while trying to discover.

Alice Sebold , Death , Debut albums 1158 Words | 3 Pages. is presented to us. If women were more cautious about the men they let into their life and what their actions consist of, they might be able to essay on virtue, realize that . the person is not good news. Sebold , Alice . The Lovely Bones: A Novel. Boston: Little, Brown, 2002.

Print. The story The Lovely Bones written by Alice Sebold is about a young teenage girl named Susie Salmon who grew up in the 70's in a suburban area in Pennsylvania. She is murdered by her neighbor and tells the story in first person. When narrating. Alice Sebold , Antisocial personality disorder , Domestic violence 1052 Words | 4 Pages. Tempered- made less intense or violent, especially by the influence ofsomething good or benign. I. Russia Coursework A2. Title, Author, Source A. What is the essay title of . selection? ? The Lovely Bones B. Who is the russia coursework author? ? Alice Sebold C. Environmental Justice Essay Topics. What is the source of the coursework a2 selection? ? o ^ Sebold , Alice . The Lovely Bones. p. 363. o ^ Bouton, Katherine (July 14, 2002). What Remains. The New York Times Book Review.

Retrieved January 29, 2010. o ^ Smith, Ali (August 17, 2002). A perfect afterlife. The Guardian. Alice Sebold , Norristown, Pennsylvania , Peter Jackson 2025 Words | 6 Pages. The Lovely Bones In Alice Sebold’s moving novel The Lovely Bones, Sebold explores various elements of humanity and the . emotions that accompany it by essay, crafting a story that readers can instantly connect with. She is unforgiving with the coursework degree of how blunt and straightforward her tale starts out, as the main character Suzie Salmon is brutally raped and murdered within the very first chapter. The rest of the book examines her family and friends and on virtue ethics, how they all cope with this loss; this is. A Story , Alice Sebold , Emotion 1285 Words | 3 Pages. AFTER LOSS The Lovely Bones Essay By: Yasmin Omer To Ms. Klug Grief.

It is that inevitable emotional suffering you feel when someone you . love is taken away from you. In the extraordinary novel, The Lovely Bones, written by coursework, Alice Sebold , it revolves around the essay story of coursework a2, a dead girl named Susie Salmon and her grief-stricken family. Through the voice of Susie, readers learn about the aftermath of Susie’s murder and rape on essay on virtue ethics, each of her family members. Coursework A2. Readers see that Susie’s parents. Acceptance , Alice Sebold , Death 1479 Words | 6 Pages. use the same old fashioned English language and that is a reason students do not like them. Another reason could be how there is violence in Shakespeare, in . other books that are common today like I Hunt Killers by Barry Lyga, The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold , and any of the ap european essay Twilight books by russia a2, Stephenie Meyer, the violence or scenes in development pakistan those books are not written in the same way as Shakespeare wrote them, especially not in that boring old English language.

We have all heard of how great Shakespeare’s. Alice Sebold , Education , English language 863 Words | 3 Pages. Lovely Bones by russia coursework a2, Alice Sebold: Setting and Symbolism. loss is quite unbearable especially when dealing with family complications. Although the death of Susie Salmon made a great impact in her family and friend’s . lives; even they are able to find themselves along the pakistan essay way. In the novel, Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold , setting and symbolism relates to a2, theme by revealing the weaknesses of humanity when faced with tragedy. Child Coursework Online New York. Initially, the atmosphere of the story undergoes a dramatic shift following the coursework death of ethics, Susie Salmon.

In the beginning of the russia coursework a2 novel, a. Alice Sebold , Character , Emotion 763 Words | 2 Pages. Critical analysis of prompts, Alice Sebold's The Lovely Bones Alice Sebold’s number one national bestselling novel The Lovely Bones depicts the horrendous rape and russia coursework, murder of child abuse, a small-town girl named . Suzie Salmon. Suzie must then watch--from her own personal heaven—her family and friends struggle to cope and move on with their lives. The novel is set in the suburbs of Norristown, Pennsylvania, 1973. Published in 2002, The Lovely Bones became an instant bestseller, and in 2010 it was released into theaters around the world. Alice Sebold’s early years helped. Alice Sebold , Fiction , Literary technique 3163 Words | 8 Pages. emotions by pulling away and russia coursework, withdrawing from those they have hurt. However, some are able to recognize the pain and harm they have caused from becoming . disconnected from those they should be closest to, and do their best to repair the damage.

Alice Sebold , Author of The Lovely Bones and Khaled Hosseini, Author of The Kite Runner tell of dysfunctional responses to grief and emotional pain. Abigal of The Lovely Bones, and ap european essay prompts, Amir of The Kite Runner are both emotionally immature, and do not know how. Alice Sebold , Emotion , Khaled Hosseini 506 Words | 2 Pages. Coming of Age in the Lovely Bones. Coming of age can be a difficult process not only due to an acceptance of russia coursework, new experiences, but also moving forward from one's past experiences. This is ap european essay prompts . Russia A2. certainly the case in the novel The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold . The main character, Susie, comes of age after she accepts her position in essay heaven and stops trying to live through her loved ones on Earth. Susie seems to be able to accept her death to coursework, some extent, but refuses to monitor her loved ones on essay on virtue ethics, Earth. At first she finds interest in her. Accept , Alice Sebold , Coming of age 465 Words | 2 Pages.

grief is the most obvious message Alice Sebold uses in her novel. Coursework A2. Through the voice of Susie Salmon, the fourteen-year-old . narrator of the novel, readers get an in-depth look at gcse materials help the grieving process. Susie focuses more on the aftermath and effects of her murder and russia, rape on her family rather than on the event itself. She watches her parents and sister move through the five stages of grief: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. However, Alice Sebold makes clear that these categories. Acceptance , Alice Sebold , George Bonanno 462 Words | 2 Pages. our family and can’t stand to live without them. What would you do if you found out ap european essay prompts, your sister, brother, or any family member or friend was murdered?

How . would you react if you found out the murderer was your neighbor? In The Lovely Bones, by Alice Sebold , fourteen-year-old Susie Salmon is murdered near her home by her neighbor Mr.Harvey. Susie’s sister, Lindsey is fourteen-years-old when her sister is murdered. She is a regular, fun, energetic teenager until the death of her sister affected her. Acceptance , Alice Sebold , Family 637 Words | 2 Pages. Sebold , . Russia A2. Alice . The Lovely Bones. New York: Little, Brown, and company, 2002. Print. p. Save Wildlife. 328 The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold is a truly different novel.

It is coursework a2 told from the perceptive an average fourteen year old girl named Susie Salmon. The one thing. Alice Sebold , Emotion , Family 701 Words | 2 Pages. The Lovely Bones In The Lovely Bones, a novel written by resistant materials coursework, Alice Sebold , a horrific story of an unfortunate death and tragedy . A2. unfolds. The movie (released in 2009), directed by Peter Jackson, depicts the same story, but displays the wildlife essay emotions of the russia a2 characters in ways the author couldn’t. The book contrasts to the movie using mood, tone and theme by the way the director produces the film less brutal and cruel than the novel. The mood of community pakistan essay, both story lines remains very poignant, with a sense of coursework a2, suspense. Alice Sebold , Death , Emotion 561 Words | 2 Pages.

ISU Essay on The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold Innocent suffer and ‘die before their time’ is an archetype that illustrates . our helplessness to control our lives and also something beautiful, precious, and defenseless is needlessly destroyed. “Life does not always end after death” (Anonymous). This archetype seen in the novel The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold , she really captures life after her death. It is the story of a teenage girl who, after being raped and resistant materials coursework, murdered, watches from her personal. Alice Sebold , Curiosity , Death 749 Words | 2 Pages. Critical Reading Portfolio for The Lovely Bones.

?The Lovely Bones By: Alice Sebold Section I: Significance of Title A lovely ending where she finally sees that her . death, even as devastating as it was, ultimately brings good to those she loves. Through watching from heaven, she sees her family live and russia a2, love and experience things that she never did and ultimately brings them all to move on and find peace with her death. In a another sense, the essay bones represent, not the victims' physical bones, but an abstract and russia coursework, actually positive. Alice Sebold , Love , Peter Jackson 4546 Words | 14 Pages. The Grieving Process of Abigail The Lovely Bones is written by Alice SeBold and is about a young girl named Susie who was . brutally murdered by her next door neighbor, Mr. Harvey. No one suspected Mr. Harvey in the beginning, but with Susie’s help from the beyond, he became the wildlife essay lead suspect. Susie began to send clues to her family from russia a2, heaven, but the problem was that only her father, brother and sister could connect with her and pakistan, feel her presence. This problem expanded quickly and russia, because of it.

Alice Sebold , Denial , Grief 778 Words | 2 Pages. Several school districts have established that The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold shall not be taught in their schools. I oppose . their decision to ban the on virtue ethics novel. Russia. The novel exhibits lessons and teachings that are essential for one to learn in his lifetime. The novel displays concepts such as, young love, limitations of the resistant law, and how an individual death affects a community. Additionally, themes in the novel expose messages including grief is both necessary and debilitating a painful reality, loss. Alice Sebold , Education , High school 536 Words | 2 Pages. perspective on certain values. The values incorporated in literature have become a great way to communicate to readers the coursework a2 importance of functioning . different values and how they affect the lives of different characters. The novels The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold and Frankenstein by Mary Shelley are great examples of child new york, how the struggle through adversity can reform ones values causing them to also gain the appreciation for new ones.

In life, situations can cause ones values to change. In The Lovely. Alice Sebold , Frankenstein , James Whale 768 Words | 2 Pages. Lovely Bones The book, The Lovely Bones is written by Alice Sebold . I am on russia a2, page 200.Susie Salmon, fourteen years old girl, a . narrator of the ap european essay prompts story was murdered on a2, December 6, 1973. She was murdered by Mr. Harvey, a neighborhood, who liked by both of her parents, Jack Salmon, and Abigail Salmon.

His father begins his own investigation of the murder after disagree with detective Len Fenerman. Ray Singh, the only boy Susie kissed before her death. Susie Salmon is now in essay ethics the heaven, meeting her roommate. Alice Sebold , Death , Murder 645 Words | 2 Pages. LOVELY BONES THE LOVELY BONES written by Alice Sebold is a story of a teenage girl who, after being raped and murdered, watches . from her personal Heaven as her family and friends struggle to move on with their lives while she comes to terms that she is actually dead and she has to adapt to her new life in heaven. This novel is hauntingly and beautiful and it keeps you wanting to read on. I find Jack Salmon, Susie’s dad very interesting. Russia Coursework. I find that the author made him a very unique character.

Jack. Alice Sebold , Father , Novel 825 Words | 2 Pages. The Lovely Bones Charecter Reveiw. The Lovely Bones Review In the book The Lovely Bones, Alice Sebold does a remarkable job of making her characters realistic to essay, . her readers. Sebold does this by telling the story through the coursework a2 eyes of the ap european history essay prompts victim, Susie Salmon, who sees and knows everything about everyone around her. What is a2 great about ap european history this book is that the reader is taken on an emotional journey with the grieving family and with Susie.

Abigail, Susie’s mom, is a2 a character who, I believe, portrays human weakness. She is the one. Alice Sebold , Emotion , Feeling 666 Words | 2 Pages. everything she has and to keep giving her body parts to essay, her sister to keep her alive or to say no and russia, stick up for herself for once and tell her family she . does not want to be used as spare parts anymore. Save Wildlife. The Novel The Lovely Bones Written by Alice Sebold is a story that begins in Norristown, Pennsylvania in 1973. 14-year-old Susie Salmon takes her usual shortcut home from her school through a cornfield. George Harvey, Susie’s 36-year-old neighbour who lives alone and builds doll houses for a living.

Alice Sebold , Decision making , English-language films 685 Words | 2 Pages. Nayri Kalayciyan Period 7 American Lit. 8/20/13 Lovely Bones Essay In Alice Sebold’s “The Lovely Bones”, the theme revolves around the . experience of russia coursework, grief, loss, and acceptance. Environmental Justice Essay. Throughout the book, all the characters experience these emotions through different ways. The way that the characters go through their emotions is how Sebold tries to communicate her message to us: everyone experiences grief differently, some better than others. Although they all seem to russia, be doing horribly, some of. Alice Sebold , Emotion , Family 708 Words | 2 Pages.

Theme for the lovely bones The theme of grief is the most important theme in the book. The author herself understands what this family experiences. Child Abuse Coursework Online New York. In her . book, Lucky , she tells the coursework a2 story of her own rape and essay, near murder. This kind of a2, experience can be so devastating that the victim must grieve what happened to her and child coursework online, how she has changed. We see her own experience in Susie, who not only must follow her family’s progress through grief, but also her own progress. It is a kind of primer or textbook. Academy Award for Best Actress , Academy Award for Best Original Song , Alice Sebold 720 Words | 2 Pages. Lovely Bones: Mr. Harvey's Childhood. the rape and death of russia, Susie Salmon, the protagonist of the novel Lovely Bones. It is on virtue ethics easy for russia, the reader to show absolutely no pity for this character. . Wildlife Essay. However, in Chapter 15, the author Alice Sebold converts this heartless soul into an individual that urges the reader to offer him sympathy instead.

Sebold begins the chapter by reflecting on the tremendous amount of russia coursework a2, hardships that George Harvey endures in his childhood. Essay Ethics. As a child, George and his mother depend on each other, as they struggle. Alice Sebold , Crime , Grave robbery 785 Words | 2 Pages. Bones and The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time were both unique literary works. Alice Sebold and Mark Haddon are . both very talented writers. Russia Coursework A2. Although they are both talented, their work differs in environmental justice topics many ways. Russia Coursework A2. They differ in the portrayal of their subject matters, their writing styles and techniques, and whether or not the techniques were helpful toward each individual work. In The Lovely Bones, Sebold portrayed the subject matter lightly.

It was not gory and development, gruesome, but it still depicted. Alice Sebold , Fiction , Literature 427 Words | 2 Pages. ?The Lovely Bones Review Dear Mr. English Department Chair, It has been brought to my attention that the “The Lovely Bones” by coursework, Alice . Sebold has been put on the Banned/Challenged list of books 2013 in certain libraries. Essay On Virtue. If you aren’t familiar with this text, it is about a 14 year old girl, Susie Salmon, living in Pennsylvania who is asked by her serial killer neighbor to check out coursework, his underground cove where he makes doll houses. Essay Ethics. The fact that he is a serial killer is unbeknownst to coursework, her so she agrees.

Alice Sebold , Family , High school 637 Words | 2 Pages. Jamela Rodgers ! ! Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #1: The Role of Grief in gcse coursework help The Lovely Bones Alice Sebold’s The Lovely Bones explores the russia . different ways in which people process grief when they lose a common loved one. When Susie Salmon is killed on history essay prompts, her way home from school, the remaining four members of her family all deal differently with their grief. Jack becomes obsessed with finding the killer, going so far as to attack a boy in a cornfield when he mistakes him for Susie’s murderer. Abigail. Afterlife , Alice Sebold , Death 608 Words | 2 Pages. book Lucky by: Alice Sebold , society is shown to coursework a2, treat her as an outcast.

Meaning, that the way people around her . treat her, I felt was very disgusting and inconsiderate. Wildlife Essay. Her friends', teachers', the people she knew, all isolated themselves from her. The reason is, that people viewed rape as a negative and real low crime to russia coursework a2, commit. As a result, being raped changes the view that everybody thinks of you as, like it did to Alice . In addition, her close friends weren't as close and giving as Alice hoped. 2007 singles , American films , Crime 831 Words | 2 Pages. Lucky Lucky by Alive Sebold takes readers through her adolescent life into environmental, adulthood as she deals with a . traumatic rape occurring during her freshman year of college. Coursework A2. As Sebold returns home for the summer she tries to go back to her “normal” life but finds that things aren’t the same after this event. Upon returning to school Sebold find that her voice can do something and after encountering her rapist on the street, her fight for justice begins. Readers follow her as she takes us through her. Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Complex post-traumatic stress disorder 1657 Words | 5 Pages.

? Alice ’s Autobiography I am Alice , living with my father, mother and younger brother in the city of La Canada . Flintridge. I just finished the development pakistan 7th grade in the La Canada High School. I attended the La Canada Elementary from the russia a2 1st to 6th grade. History. Before that, I was in Towers Elementary School in russia Torrance. I always try my best and strive for excellence. I have 3 A+s and 3 As on my 7th grade report card. All my 7th grade teachers awarded me Academic Excellence (English, Math.

Canada , China , Chinese character 864 Words | 3 Pages. The Maturation of Alice in Wonderland. shed, and adulthood is reached. This is shown in the decisions that Alice must make, and the things that she experiences regarding trust, . Community Development Essay. puzzles, lessons, and russia a2, power. Alice uses the whimsical and mystical creatures and history, situations in Wonderland to make the difficult realization that adult world will be different from the world that she is used to as a child, easier to coursework a2, accept as she slowly loses her child-like innocence. Alice has to make decisions concerning who, and what, to development pakistan essay, trust as she encounters.

Alice in Wonderland , Alice's Adventures in russia a2 Wonderland , Dormouse 1330 Words | 4 Pages.

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Short Essay on The Educational System in russia coursework India. Education is an important activity in society, it gives an opportunity to man to understand the world around him and his place in essay prompts it In ancient times man was completely at the mercy of nature which was a complete mystery to him. The dark forces of nature were beyond the comprehension of man and to console himself he had to depend upon the existence of supernatural powers and this led to the growth of religion and superstition. The invention of tools, domestication of animals and growth of russia a2 agriculture led to organization of society and justice topics, along with this, developed social sciences. Thus, in education we combine the study of natural laws with the laws governing the development of society- Knowledge and understanding come to us through the study of natural sciences (chemistry, physics, biology, etc.) and coursework, the social sciences (history, political science, etc.).

Image Source: ipadairgadgets.com. The acquisition, interlinking and the transmission of this knowledge and child abuse coursework online new york, understanding is the primary function of education. Ideally speaking, it is through education that members of coursework society, particularly the youth, come to understand the essay prompts working of society. Education should enable the youth to improve the working of the society. Seen in this light, the purpose of education is not just to russia, help students acquire degree and obtain jobs. Wildlife? If the russia a2 society is not organized properly, jobs become difficult to acquire, degrees lose their meaning and education becomes a national waste as it is happening in many countries in the world today. Education, properly speaking, should develop a spirit of inquiry and community development essay, rational thinking in the youth so as to enable them to understand the society and change it wherever it is coursework found lacking. Ever since India attained Independence in 1947, we have been following, for inexplicable reasons, Lord Macaulay’s system of on virtue ethics education. This system has since lost its relevance to the changed socio-economic scenario in coursework a2 the country. As is well known, Lord Macaulay was an ardent champion of the British Raj.

Therefore, it was natural for him to devise an educational system for India which would not foster real awareness and education. It aimed at child abuse coursework online, producing loyal, committed ‘babes’ to eater to the clerical needs of the British colonial Government of India. But it was essential for the Indian administrators to a2, change this educational system. A different system more suited to the requirements of an independent progressive India has to wildlife essay, be evolved. From time to time, seminars or symposia were held to discuss the coursework question of educational reforms and suggest an essay, ideal educational system. However, nothing much could be achieved in this behalf.

Syllabi continued to be theoretical in nature, and russia coursework a2, irrelevant to the socio-cultural and economic contexts. Teaching methods and system of examination continued to be obsolete. The result was that our educational institutions and universities, Instead of child being citadels of learning and enlightenment, became dens of unrest and frustration. Our students became irresponsible and directionless mob, out to destroy the very fabric of society. Instead of contributing to the progress of the nation, they became, to a large extent, a burden on russia coursework a2 the nation’s economy and society. The first policy document on education was adopted in 1968, by the Government after Independence. The National Education Policy, 1968 aimed to promote national progress, a sense of common citizenship and child new york, culture, and to strengthen national integration. It called for radical reconstruction of the educational system and for greater attention to science and technology, the russia a2 cultivation of on virtue ethics moral values and closer relation between education and the life of the people. However, even the Government admits that the russia general formulations incorporated in the 1968 policy did not get translated into a detailed strategy of implementation. Some achievements since 1968 listed by the Government are: (a) acceptance of a common structure of education throughout the country and the introduction of the 10 plus 2 plus 3 system by most States; (b) laying down of common system of on virtue studies for boys and girls; (c) incorporation of science and mathematics as compulsory subjects ; (d) restructuring of the courses at under-graduate level; (e) setting up of centres of advanced studies for post-graduate education and research.

A new draft National Policy on russia a2 Education was approved by Parliament (n May 1986. The ‘Programme of environmental justice essay Action’ to implement the a2 new policy was adopted by the Government in August 1986. The new education policy is broadly based on a document called “A challenge of education a perspective” laid by the then Education Minister in Parliament on child abuse new york 20 August 1985. Education in India, says the new education policy document, stands at cross-roads today. Neither normal expansion nor the existing pace and nature of improvement can meet the needs of the situation.

The catalytic action of education in a2 the complex and dynamic process of our country needs to be planned meticulouslyand executed with great sensitivity life in the coming decades, it points out, is likely to bring new tensions together with unprecedented opportunities. “To enable the people to benefit in the new environment will require new designs of human resource development. The coming generations should have the ability to internalize new ideas constantly and creatively. They have to be imbued with a strong commitment to human values and social justice. All these call for better education, stresses the document. The new Education Policy, 1936 calls for a National System of Education in which all students, irrespective of caste, creed, location or sex, should have access to education of a comparable quality.

The system will be based on a national curricular framework which contains a common core along with other components that are flexible. In higher education, technical education in particular, steps will be taken to facilitate inter regional mobility by providing equal access to every Indian of requisite merit, regardless of his origins. The policy gives importance to removal of women’s illiteracy and obstacles inhibiting their access to, and materials coursework help, retention in, elementary education. Major emphasis will be laid on women’s participation in vocational, technical and professional education at different levels. The central focus of the policy in the educational development of Scheduled Castes and coursework, Tribes in their equalization with the non-SC and history essay, ST population at all stages and levels of education, in all areas and in all the four dimensions rural male, rural female, urban male and urban female. The policy also aims to integrate the physically and mentally handicapped with the general community as equal partners, to prepare them for normal growth and to enable them to face life with courage and confidence. The policy outlines a vast programme of adult and continuing education through establishing centers of continuing education in rural and urban areas; post-secondary education institution; wider promotion of books, etc., radio, television and films; distance learning programmes; need and russia coursework a2, interest based vocational training programmes, etc. The new thrust in elementary education emphasizes two aspects; (1) universal enrolment and universal retention of children up to 14 years of age; and essay on virtue ethics, (2) a substantial improvement in russia a2 the quality of education. The policy pledges to provide essential facilities in primary schools, including at child abuse online, least two reasonable large rooms usable in all weathers, and necessary toys, blackboards, maps, charts and other learning material.

At least two teachers, one of them a woman, should be there in every school, the number increasing to one teacher per class as early as possible. To this end, the russia ‘Operation Blackboard’ has been launched all over the country to improve primary schools. The policy also introduces a non-formal form of education for school dropouts, for children from habitations without schools, working children and girls who cannot attend whole day school. In order to provide good quality modern education to the talented children predominantly from the abuse coursework online new york rural areas, the government launched in 1985-86 a scheme to establish Navodaya Vidyaiaya on an average one in each district. These vidyalayas are fully residential and a2, co­educational and provide education in the streams of Humanities, Commerce, Science and Vocational up to +2 levels and are affiliated to CBSE. There are at present 359 sanctioned Vidyalayas in the country operating in 30 State/ UTs. The National policy on Education (NPE), 1986 accorded high priority to vocationalisaiion of education at the secondary stage. The NPE as revised in 1992 set the target of achieving diversion of 10 percent of the students at community essay, the +2 level to the vocational stream by 1995 and 25 percent by 2000 AD. A Joint Council for Vocational Education (JCVE) was set up in April 1990 for policy formulation and coordination at the national level. In the field of higher education, provision will be made for minimum facilities and admission into colleges and coursework a2, universities and history, will be regulated according to capacity.

Courses and programmes will be redesigned and russia coursework a2, the present affiliation system will be replaced by save a freer and more creative association of russia universities and colleges. Research will get more support. The Open University system has been initiated to augment opportunities for higher education. The Indira Gandhi National Open University established in 1985 will be strengthened. The policy provides for ethics declining degrees from jots for russia which university degree need not be a necessary qualification. Its implementation will lead to a refashioning of history essay prompts job-specific courses and afford greater justice to those candidates who, despite being equipped for a given job, are unable to get it because of an unnecessary preference for graduates, the document explains. In the area of Technical and Management Education the policy maintains that reorganization should take into account the anticipated scenario by the turn of the century, with specific reference to the like changes in the economy, social environment, production and management processes, the rapid expansion of knowledge and a2, the great advances in ap european history science and technology. Step will be taken to russia a2, make technical and management education cost-effective. The Computer Literacy and Studies’ in Schools has been made a centrally-sponsored scheme from 1993-94.

The curricula and processes of education will be enriched by cultural content in as many ways as possible. Children will be enabled to develop sensitivity to beauty, harmony and refinement. Linkages will be established between the university system and institutions of higher learning in art, archaeology, oriental studies, etc. As regards languages, the language policy of the Education policy of 1968 will be implemented more ‘energetically and purposefully’ the document says. The new policy also promises to make efforts to secure easy accessibility to books for all segment of the population. The policy envisages reorganization of the methods of recruiting teachers to ensure merit, objectivity and conformity with spatial and functional requirement.

The new programmes of teacher-education will emphasize continuing education. District Institutes of resistant coursework help Education and Training (DIET) will be set it to organize pre- service and in service courses for elementary school teachers and for the personnel working in non-formal and adult education. Selected Secondary Teacher Training Colleges will be upgraded to complement the work of the State Council of Education Research and Training. To give the policy a practical shape, lot of funds would be required. The policy says that resources will be raised by mobilizing donations, asking the beneficiary communities to maintain school buildings and supplies of some consumables, raising fees at higher levels, and by effecting saving by efficient use of coursework facilities.

Institutions involved in research and development of environmental justice essay technical and russia a2, scientific manpower should also mobilize funds by leaving cuss or charge on the user agencies, including Government departments and entrepreneurs. The Government and the community in general will find funds for programmes: universalisation of elementary education liquidating illiteracy, etc. The Government’ stagy to make the new system work consists of (a) better legal to, and the g-eater accountability of, teacher; (b) provision of improved students’ services, and insistence on observance of acceptable norms of behaviour; (c) provision of threshold facilities to essay, institutions; and (d) creation of a system of performance appraisals of institutions according to standards and norms set at the National or state levels. The new policy has been criticized on the grounds that. (i) The new thrust in the field of universalisation of education is non-formal education.

Non formal education, educationist point out, can never be equivalent to russia a2, regular schooling. This will create a dual education system. (ii) Navodaya Schools will create further disparities. (iii) The new policy suffers from an elitist bias as it also promotes privatization of education. As a result, one who is able to essay topics, pay more will get better education as compared to a common person. (iv) Education is sought to be commercialized Reeducation of subsidies will mean that students will have to finance their own education.

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14 Skills and Values Employers Seek in Jobseekers. by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., and Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Job Skills to list on your Resume. Deals with acting in a responsible and fair manner in all your personal and work activities, which is seen as a sign of maturity and self-confidence; avoid being petty. How to describe this skill on your resume: Conscientious go-getter who is highly organized, dedicated, and coursework committed to professionalism. Employers probably respect personal integrity more than any other value, especially in light of the child abuse coursework, many recent corporate scandals. How to describe this skill on your resume: Seasoned professional whose honesty and integrity create effective leadership and optimal business relationships. Deals with openness to russia coursework new ideas and concepts, to working independently or as part of justice essay topics, a team, and to carrying out multiple tasks or projects.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly adaptable, mobile, positive, resilient, patient risk-taker who is coursework, open to child abuse new ideas. Employers seek jobseekers who love what they do and will keep at it until they solve the problem and coursework a2 get the job done. How to describe this skill on your resume: Productive worker with solid work ethic who exerts optimal effort in successfully completing tasks. 5.Dependability/Reliability/Responsibility. There#8217;s no question that all employers desire employees who will arrive to gcse materials help work every day? on time? and ready to work, and who will take responsibility for russia coursework a2 their actions. How to describe this skill on your resume: Dependable, responsible contributor committed to excellence and success. Employers want employees who will have a strong devotion to the company? even at times when the company is not necessarily loyal to its employees. How to history essay prompts describe this skill on your resume: Loyal and coursework a2 dedicated manager with an excellent work record.

7.Positive Attitude/Motivation/Energy/Passion. The jobseekers who get hired and the employees who get promoted are the ones with drive and passion? and who demonstrate this enthusiasm through their words and environmental justice actions. Russia Coursework A2! How to describe this skill on your resume: Energetic performer consistently cited for unbridled passion for work, sunny disposition, and upbeat, positive attitude. Look at resistant, it this way: if you don#8217;t believe in yourself, in your unique mix of skills, education, and abilities, why should a prospective employer? Be confident in coursework a2, yourself and pakistan essay what you can offer employers.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Confident, hard-working employee who is committed to achieving excellence. Russia Coursework! 9.Self-Motivated/Ability to Work Without Supervision. While teamwork is always mentioned as an important skill, so is the ability to work independently, with minimal supervision. How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly motivated self-starter who takes initiative with minimal supervision. No matter what your age, no matter how much experience you have, you should always be willing to learn a new skill or technique. Jobs are constantly changing and evolving, and you must show an openness to grow and learn with that change. How to describe this skill on your resume: Enthusiastic, knowledge-hungry learner, eager to meet challenges and quickly assimilate new concepts. While there is wildlife essay, some debate about whether leadership is something people are born with, these skills deal with your ability to take charge and manage your co-workers.

How to describe this skill on russia coursework a2, your resume: Goal-driven leader who maintains a productive climate and confidently motivates, mobilizes, and coaches employees to meet high-performance standards. 12.Multicultural Sensitivity/Awareness. There is possibly no bigger issue in the workplace than diversity, and jobseekers must demonstrate a sensitivity and awareness to other people and coursework help cultures. How to describe this skill on a2, your resume: Personable professional whose strengths include cultural sensitivity and an ability to build rapport with a diverse workforce in multicultural settings. Deals with your ability to resistant coursework help design, plan, organize, and implement projects and tasks within an allotted timeframe. Also, involves goal-setting. How to describe this skill on your resume: Results-driven achiever with exemplary planning and organizational skills, along with a high degree of russia coursework a2, detail orientation. Because so many jobs involve working in save, one or more work-groups, you must have the ability to work with others in a2, a professional manner while attempting to achieve a common goal. How to describe this skill on your resume: Resourceful team player who excels at essay, building trusting relationships with customers and colleagues. Final Thoughts on Employment Skills and Values. Employability skills and personal values are the critical tools and russia coursework traits you need to succeed in the workplace? and on virtue ethics they are all elements that you can learn, cultivate, develop, and maintain over your lifetime.

Once you have identified the sought-after skills and values and assessed the degree to which you possess them, begin to market them by building them into your resume, cover letter, and interview answers) for job-search success. See also our Transferable Job Skills for Jobseekers.Click here to begin building your own resume! More Information about Employability Skills: Skills Employers Seek, reporting on annual results from the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) survey of coursework, employers to determine the top 10 personal qualities/skills employers seek. From the Career Development Center at Binghamton University. Skills Employers Seek, from Loughborough University. Skills Employers Seek, from ethics Psych Web Top 10 Soft Skills in Demand, from LiveCareer Resume Skills Section, from LiveCareer. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and russia develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want.

Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of environmental justice essay, EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is a2, publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles.

He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an resistant coursework, educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at randall@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr.

Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an a2, electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in save essay, the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and russia coursework with Randall S. Essay Ethics! Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com. Check out russia a2 Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.

I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for resistant all things career-change related. Russia Coursework! You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and ap european history essay Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of russia a2, our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to history prompts the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on coursework, their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. Essay! The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a2, a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and history prompts employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Russia A2! Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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essay on chinatown Film Guide to Chinatown (1974) by Mark Graves, SUNY Fredonia. United States. English. Color. 131 minutes. Available: VCR and DVD. Director: Roman Polanski. Screenplay: Robert Towne, Roman Polanski (uncredited)

Cinematography: John A. Alonzo. Editing: Sam O'Steen. Original music: Jerry Goldsmith. Production design: Richard Sylbert. Costume design: Anthea Sylbert. Producers: Robert Evans, C.O. Erickson.

Jack Nicholson (Jake Gittes) Faye Dunaway (Evelyn Cross Mulwray) John Huston (Noah Cross) Perry Lopez (Lieutenant Lou Escobar) John Hillerman (Russ Yelburton) Darrell Zwerling (Hollis Mulwray) Diane Ladd (Ida Sessions/Evelyn Mulwray Imposter) Roy Jenson (Claude Mulvihill)

Roman Polanski (cameo as man with knife) Joe Mantell (Walsh) Bruce Glover (Duffy) Belinda Palmer (Katherine Cross) Burt Young (Curly) Jake Gittes is an L.A. private eye who specializes in matrimonial strife and infidelity. He is called upon by a woman who falsely identifies herself as Evelyn Mulwray, wife of wealthy landowner and city water commissioner Hollis Mulwray.

The imposter has Gittes spy on her husband to find out russia coursework, if he is having an affair. Jake takes some pictures of Hollis with a young lady, but the photos are stolen and published, as a publicity attack on an already unpopular Hollis. (L.A. is in the middle of a water shortage as the result of a drought, and Hollis has become something of a scapegoat for the angry public.) Gittes soon comes to understand how he has been used, when the real Mrs. Mulwray appears in his office with her lawyer, trying to defend her husband's reputation. Justice Topics. However, when Hollis Mulwray is found murdered down by coursework a2, an L.A. river the next day, Mrs. Environmental Topics. Mulwray hires him to find the killer. Jake gradually uncovers a plot to buy unwatered land for russia coursework a2 low prices, divert the materials coursework help city's water supply in russia coursework, order to water the land, and then sell the land off for millions of dollars. The plot is masterminded by Noah Cross, Evelyn's father and Hollis' one-time business partner, who has a vast network of corrupt city officials and landowners backing him up. While Gittes continues to unravel the details of this scandal, he falls for the recently-widowed Mrs. Wildlife Essay. Mulwray, and slowly becomes aware of a second scandal involving the personal lives of coursework a2, her, her father, and history essay prompts, the mysterious young lady he saw with Hollis. In the coursework a2 end, Jake's struggle to uncover the truth leads him into Chinatown (the site of save essay, a past failure during his years as a cop), and eventually results in Mrs.

Mulwray's death at coursework, the hands of the corrupt L.A. police. Noah Cross wins, and essay on virtue ethics, Gittes walks away defeated. Summary of Critical Reviews. Cocks, Jay. Lost Angelenos, Time , 1 July 1974: 42. In talking about Chinatown , Cocks continually refers to a predecessor in the private-eye genre: writer Raymond Chandler, and a2, his own fictional detective Philip Marlowe. He does this by making Chandler's stories the standard by which this film is measured. He cites the movie's main strength as its setting, a 1930s Los Angeles which closely matches reality, or at least the most common images associated with that era, ranging from the standard joke, six suburbs in search of wildlife, a city to Marlowe's description, a big dry sunny place with ugly homes and coursework a2, no style. In contrast, Cocks describes the characters as shallow and unrealistic, once again naming Marlowe as the model of what Jake Gittes should be.

While Cocks is correct about the way Jack Nicholson's and community development pakistan essay, Faye Dunaway's acting do not meet the russia coursework stereotypical roles of private eye and femme fatale, he has missed the point: they're not supposed to. Each character trait that Cocks calls a shortcoming (from Nicholson's simplicity to Dunaway's feigned elegance) is not only intentional, but is also an integral part of the overall image being built in this movie. Gilliatt, Penelope. Essay. Private Nose, The New Yorker , 1 July 1974: 70. Gilliatt's short review is almost sickeningly positive; there is not a negative phrase within it, as she applauds Chinatown for everything from its wittiness to its characterization and even Gittes' wardrobe. This overbearing praise is almost nauseating, a feeling which is augmented by her fascination with word games (both her own and the film's characters', particularly Noah Cross's). Also somewhat annoying is her obsession with pointing out all of Polanski's hidden jokes and oblique farce, some of which are not quite believable in terms of their effectiveness or the probability of their actually having been intended by director Roman Polanski; she at coursework, one point suggests that Noah Cross's name is derived from the way an actor feigning a Chinese accent might say no cross me.

The review also contains some very long, fragmented sentences and gcse resistant coursework, several distracting, irrelevant side comments (one of the coursework few complete pairs of pajamas I have seen in the last twenty years) which do not make it a smooth read. All of these factors in development pakistan essay, combination do not give the impression of its being a very credible review. Zimmerman, Paul D. Blood and Water, Newsweek , 1 July 1974: 74. Although Zimmerman's review is also predominantly acclaim of the movie, it is much more convincing because of the depth of his observations. He identifies Polanski's title and setting as not only appropriate choices for the action, but also as a clever and russia coursework a2, effective metaphor for resistant materials coursework the moral climate that he believes is Polanski's real underlying theme in this work: the Byzantine corruption and decadence of the 1970s. Russia. He makes further insightful and congratulatory comments on Nicholson's and Dunaway's abilities to adapt their usual acting styles to meet their assigned characters, and also on Polanski's success at developing meaningful messages and parallels (like the one between a dam scandal in a fictional 1950s L.A. and the then-volatile Watergate scandal in real-life 1970s D.C.) despite the difficulty of adhering to the limitations of the essay gumshoe genre. Berardinelli, James. Chinatown. ReelViews . A2. 2001.

James Berardinelli. Accessed 11 March 2002 . Berardinelli's opinion of Chinatown is child coursework that its success is born of the fact that it is the russia exception to child abuse online, so many rules and coursework, expectations. Not only ethics does he cite this movie as the high-water point in coursework, the careers of both lead-actor Jack Nicholson and director Roman Polanski, but also dubs it the finest color entry into the film noir genre. His main point is that the film takes all of the cliches and conventions of the stereotypical private-investigator movie and re-works them to give the story life and depth, establishing expectations early on and then breaking them as the plot unfolds. Essay On Virtue. In keeping with this same line of thought, Berardinelli's one key disagreement with all three of the a2 earlier reviews is his statement of how unrealistic Polanski's 1930s L.A. is (calling it the save wildlife exaggerated stuff of russia a2, dreams and ap european prompts, movies). While this statement fits well into his argument (as another example of Polanski playing with the norms), one has to doubt the accuracy and/or credibility of such a statement, seeing as how Berardinelli is the most recent of the russia coursework a2 four reviewers and therefore the least likely to have actually experienced the environmental essay topics '30s firsthand. In 1968 Polish-born film director Roman Polanski first came to Hollywood where he easily gained a reputation with the psychological thriller Rosemary's Baby.

However, after the brutal murder of russia coursework a2, his wife Sharon Tate by the infamous Charles Manson gang in 1969, Polanski decided to return to Europe. Chinatown marked Polanski's 1974 return to the USA, and seemed to foreshadow a promising Hollywood career in environmental essay, store for him. but after his conviction for the statutory rape of a 13-year old girl, Polanski once again fled from coursework America, this time in order to avoid imprisonment. Coursework. (IMDb, Roman Polanski) Polanski has a cameo in the movie: he is the hood who slits Jake's nose. Russia Coursework. This scene was actually extremely complex to film, and gcse resistant materials, Polanski and Nicholson both got so tired of explaining how it was done that they simply began to a2, claim Nicholson's nose was actually cut. (IMDb, Trivia) Writer Robert Towne originally intended Chinatown to have a happy ending. However, during pre-production Polanski and Towne argued over it, with Polanski insisting on a tragic ending. Save Wildlife. Polanski won the argument and, when the picture was re-released in a2, 1999, Towne admitted that he had been wrong. (IMDb, Trivia) With Chinatown , Robert Towne won the 1975 Oscar for gcse resistant materials coursework Best Writing - Original Screenplay.

Other 1975 Oscar Nominations for Chinatown were: Roman Polanski for Best Director; Jack Nicholson for Best Actor in a Leading Role; Faye Dunaway for coursework a2 Best Actress in a Leading Role; Jerry Goldsmith for community development Best Music-Original Dramatic Score; Robert Evans for Best Picture; John A Alonzo for Best Cinematography; W. Stewart Campbell, Ruby R. Levitt, and Richard Sylbert for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration; Anthea Sylbert for Best Costume Design; Charles Grenzbach and russia, Larry Jost for Best Sound; and Sam O'Steen for ap european history prompts Best Film Editing. The film fared better, actually, in the British Academy Awards; Robert Towne again won for coursework Best Screenplay, joined this time by Roman Polanski for Best Direction and Jack Nicholson for Best Actor. The trio also won Golden Globes that year, with the film as a whole winning the award for Best Motion Picture - Drama. (IMDb, Awards) Chinatown was actually the first part of a planned trilogy written by Robert Towne about Jake Gittes and gcse, Los Angeles. The second part, The Two Jakes , was directed by Nicholson in 1990. Neither Towne nor Nicholson won any awards for this sequel. (IMDb, Trivia) Los Angeles, the setting for Chinatown , was actually one of the filming locations: Gittes spies on Mulwray while he is boating at Echo Park Lake. The other filming locations were all still in California: Avalon, Catalina Island; Big Tujunga Wash at Foothill Boulevard, Sunland; Canyon Drive, Hollywood; South Oakland Avenue, Pasadena; and russia, Point Fermin, San Pedro (this last location is where Gittes' nose is sliced). (IMDb, Filming Locations) Jake Gittes was named after Nicholson's friend, a producer named Harry Gittes. (IMDb, Trivia)

Some odd items are included in the contents of Ida Sessions' pocketbook when Jake Gittes rummages through it, specifically a $2 bill and essay, a Screen Actors Guild membership card. (IMDb, Trivia) The central conspiracy in russia coursework, Chinatown is actually based on a real historical event: the 1908 Owne River Valley Scandal. The name of the film's Water and Power Engineer, Hollis Mulwray, is coursework online new york a play on the name of the real-life head of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power during that scandal, William Mulholland (1855-1935). Mulholland brought the Owne River to the San Fernando Valley after cheating its residents out of their land. Robert Towne got much of russia coursework, his information regarding this scandal from Carey McWilliams' interpretive history entitled Southern California Country, an Island on the Land. (Ebert) Jerry Goldsmith scored the film for an odd combination of instruments: two harps, one trumpet, a string section, and four pianos. Essay. The reason for using four pianos is that Goldsmith had the players use them in four different ways throughout the film: one was a standard performance piano, one was intentionally detuned, one was played by russia coursework, the strings inside the piano (instead of by the keys), and one was prepared (a technique where the sounds produced are altered by placing various objects on the strings while playing). (Davis, 58) The very name of the Roman Polanski's Chinatown is misleading.

Without looking at environmental justice essay topics, a cast list or reading a review, you might even expect this to be another contribution to the massive martial arts genre, permeated with Oriental culture (or cliches thereof) and consisting of a string of endless fight scenes with some sort of loose plot leading from one to russia a2, the next. Child Abuse. Even upon digging as deep as the videocassette sleeve and discovering that Jack Nicholson plays an L.A. private investigator opposite femme fatale Faye Dunaway, you could still be quick to write this off as another murder-mystery flick. At the very least, you would assume the russia a2 story actually takes place in the Chinatown district of L.A. Justice Essay. These, however, are just the first round of coursework, falsehoods and fallacies you would encounter in the course of viewing this deceptive 1974 film. Chinatown , generally considered to be a revival of the film noir genre that dominated America cinema from the mid 1940s to gcse resistant materials help, the mid 1950s (Cook, 449-453), bears much resemblance to the classic private eye films that precede it. Russia Coursework. Jake Gittes (Nicholson) appears to be of the same brand of hard-boiled independent vigilante we are used to save, seeing in Sam Spade, Phillip Marlowe, and even Lieutenant Columbo. Coursework A2. Gittes is an ex-cop who felt the need to operate outside the confines of the insincere and ineffective police department, and now earns his living gathering evidence for essay paying clients. For a while, his role in the film is also consistent with that of the archetypal sleuth; he serves to gradually reveal small pieces of coursework a2, a larger puzzle that eventually all fall into place, at which point the mystery is solved and the finger is pointed at the bad guy. The film even contains all the other typical players in your standard whodunnit mystery plot: the seductive femme fatale Evelyn Mulwray (Dunaway), the always-suspicious antagonist Noah Cross (John Huston), the uncooperative lawman Lieutenant Lou Escobar (Perry Lopez), the inevitable murder victim Hollis Mulwray (Darrell Zwerling), and the tough henchman Claude Mulvihill (Roy Jenson; also a nameless knife-wielding thug played by Polanski himself).

The classic recipe has, in topics, its simplest form, been fulfilled. (Man, 139-142) The success of Chinatown , however, lies in the ways in which it transcends the stock murder-mystery story. Even from the start, Gittes does not match the image of past private-eyes. Instead of the sparsely-furnished hole-in-the-wall office you would expect, Gittes works in an environment of style: an office building with brand-new venetian blinds in every room, three-piece designer suits and well-groomed facial features, a full liquor cabinet, and a small paid staff (two operatives and a secretary) at his command; certainly not the humble character usually associated with the gumshoe image. The irony of this clean-cut first impression, though, is obvious to coursework a2, the point of being humorous, as our first indication of Gittes's dirty line of wildlife essay, work comes from racy pictures being flipped through by his distraught client Curly; Gittes is a muckraker, earning his living by coursework a2, taking pictures of ethics, people engaged in extramarital affairs to support his clients' divorce cases. By engaging in such low-brow activities in order to coursework a2, elevate his personal appearance to high-class, Gittes has shattered the wall of morality that usually separates the private-eye from the world he must investigate; he has bought right into commercial culture and become consumed by the same amoral greed that grips everyone else (Man, 140, 144). Essay. This image foreshadows Gittes' inability to fulfill the role of the ingenious private investigator when a real issue arises, because he is not distanced enough from the outside world to coursework a2, appropriately observe or change it. One could surmise, even, that Gittes is on some level aware of this shortcoming, since he shows great reluctance to even tackle the pakistan simplest stage of investigation with regards to the high-profile water commissioner Hollis Mulwray; when a woman posing as Mulwray's wife hires Gittes to investigate him for evidence of coursework, adultery, Gittes instinctively tries to sidestep it by ap european history essay prompts, advising the woman to let the matter go if she truly loves her husband.

Gittes, already as blind as he is to the whole situation, can perhaps already sense that he's getting in over his head. Chinatown 's reliance on murder-mystery cliches that get broken down is so effective, in fact, that Gittes himself can not escape the pre-established illusion. Gittes's primary downfall is that he is actually trying to live within the russia cliches, because the topics cliches are all he understands. The truth is continually clouded for him because he is always trying to fit new clues and information into predetermined categories that lead to given stock scenarios: Mulwray's involvement with the young girl must be adultery (he's really her stepfather), Mulwray's murder must have been committed by russia, Evelyn out of jealousy (despite all the pakistan evidence regarding his death as a way to keep the water scandal from getting out), the hidden Katherine must be a kidnapped murder witness (she's really being hidden from Cross by a2, her protective mother/sister), the union between Evelyn and her father Noah Cross must have been rape (really just another of Cross's manipulative deeds, leading his daughter into sensual pleasures in essay, an otherwise bleak existence), and Cross's water scandal must be about material greed (instead of the power trip Cross has proven his lust for on countless occasions). Gittes falls into this trap more often than even the film's audience does (Man, 144-145). He can't even view himself correctly; he is surprised when Evelyn calls him innocent (Slade, 91).

Gittes tries so hard to fit the mold of the ideal detective, that he instead makes himself out to be a bumbling clown, an image made complete by the nose bandage he wears for most of the film; his lifestyle has made him far too innocent, so that he misperceives things continually (Lev, 56). Gittes' physical appearance, at the beginning and throughout the russia coursework a2 course of the film, runs parallel to that of Chinatown 's 1930's L.A. Both are visually appealing on the surface. Southern California's weather is topics bright and sunny, the people are all as well-groomed as Gittes, and the general look of things in the early scenes of the film is russia clean and colorful. But, as with Gittes, all of justice essay, L.A.'s dirt is russia coursework beneath the surface, corrupting the city from within. This hidden ugliness seeping out into the city from its core is represented by a gradual shift of the visual representations of both the essay scenery and of Gittes himself.

The lighting gets progressively darker as time passes, and a2, the previously unspoiled appearance becomes soured. When Gittes's nose gets sliced by the Roman Polanski character, ruining his pristine and unlined face, it is almost simultaneous with the materials ruining of the face of L.A. (Lev, xxi, 55); the russia coursework a2 same connection can be made of the flaw in Evelyn Mulwray's eye, which Jake discovers while alone with her in her stylish mansion. The discovery of gcse resistant materials coursework, each other's physical flaws - his sliced nose and her flawed eye - is russia a key moment in essay, the film, for (at least) two reasons. First off, this unfolding of their imperfections leads them to bed, much the same way that the movie as a whole suggests settling into russia a2, sensual pleasures and child abuse coursework online, personal luxury in light of the hopelessness of coursework a2, morals and development essay, prosocial action against the mass corruption in coursework a2, capitalist society. Chinatown is markedly ant-icapitalist, showing without a doubt that money has far more power than government. Even Marxism is more hopeful in its message, suggesting an alternative solution, but this movie indicates there is no solution; an individual is far better off serving his own interests and minding his own business than trying to beat the system (Lev, xxi, 58-59) The scene where Gittes discovers the ap european essay prompts flaw in Evelyn's eye is also key because of the a2 attention it brings to vision as a central theme in the movie. Essay On Virtue. It is a particularly ironic discovery because Gittes is the one with the russia coursework consistently flawed vision.

Another literal occurrence of this theme is the development essay key piece of evidence Jake finds that eventually leads him to Noah Cross as Hollis Mulwray's killer: a pair of glasses in the pool behind Evelyn's house. But there are far more non-literal examples of this theme: the superficial cleanliness of L.A. and of Chinatown 's characters, the snooping and spying that Gittes does to russia, earn his living, and Gittes' continual blindness to ap european prompts, the truth. Another sight reference is Cross's gigantic vision of incorporating the San Fernando Valley into Los Angeles, which Gittes never fully perceives. Gittes' shortsightedness comes into play one last time in the closing sequence of the film: his faith in the law force that he has quit is still so strong (despite all his external convictions about its powerlessness and his continual defiance of its mandates) that he trusts that they can fix everything at the end once they hear the coursework truth from child abuse his mouth (Slade, 91). Despite everything he has witnessed, Gittes is still surprised by Evelyn's desperate cry, He OWNS the police! And, just as they did in his days as a Chinatown cop, the police force lets him down by a2, killing and convicting the save wildlife essay wrong person - Evelyn Mulwray - so that Cross goes unharmed (Man, 145). This recurring vision motif plays itself out once again in the final scene of the film, with Evelyn bleeding from her eye after she is shot to death, and Cross covering the young Katherine's eyes to shield her from Evelyn's death (and lead her away into his world, where she is russia a2 probably doomed to repeat the life of her mother/sister before her). The water scandal in Chinatown , made in 1974, can be seen to stand for community essay such then-current issues as they OPEC oil cartel, the coursework Agnew bribery, and, most obviously, the Watergate scandal.

The association of the threat from water motif with the fragility of human existence is a common archetype in on virtue ethics, movies. Russia Coursework A2. The motif usually involves physical danger or death, whether in the form of community pakistan essay, murder by drowning ( The Parallax View ), shipwreck disaster ( The Poseidon Adventure , Titanic ), or creatures from the sea ( Jaws , 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea ). Here, it is a deeper form of fragility; the whole city is falling prey to a behind-the-scenes political/business scandal. Even the coursework a2 man perpetrating the scandal, Noah Cross, has a sort of moral fragility that allows the greed and power from the scandal to consume him. Cross thinks he is doing good in all his evils; in his mind, he is helping L.A. by expanding it into the valley and bringing it to the water, and he is protecting and raising Katherine like a good father should. What even he doesn't see, in all his power and influence, is that his treatment of Evelyn and Katherine is an extension of his exploitation of the essay prompts business world - the water scandal - to a more personal/intimate/sexual level (Lev, xxi, 54, 56-58). In the end, we finally see why Chinatown is coursework a2 named as it is, despite the fact that only the last five minutes or so takes place in that location. The Chinatown district's lawlessness and political immunity has extended to resistant materials coursework help, encompass all of L.A. (Slade, 91), and its inscrutability due to prevailing ignorance (of its dominant foreign [Oriental] culture, as demonstrated by Gittes's' tasteless Chinaman joke from the barber shop) has extended to a2, encompass human existence as a whole.

Rendered virtually helpless to change all this, Gittes causes Evelyn's death by meddling in things he can't understand or control (Lev, xxi, 57). Ap European History Prompts. Gittes' failure to save Evelyn and Katherine is russia a reenactment of an earlier failure during his career as a cop in prompts, Chinatown - driving home the futility of an individual trying to beat the russia a2 prevailing evil in the world around us (Man, 142-143). Hence the big picture is this: Chinatown intentionally alludes to the classic gumshoe genre - basically saying wouldn't it be nice if all man's evils were actually that simple? - and then capsizes those established expectations as a way of portraying the essay loss of faith in a2, American society (Man, 139). How should we, the audience, respond to this? Perhaps it should be the ap european essay prompts same way Gittes's operative Walsh does with the movie's closing statement: Forget it. it's Chinatown. Cook, David A. A History of Narrative Film , 3rd ed. New York: W.W. Norton Company, 1996. Davis, Richard. Complete Guide to Film Scoring . Ed. Jonathan Feist.

Boston: Berklee Press, 1999. Ebert, Roger. Chinatown . The Chicago Sun-Times . 6 February 2000. Accessed 11 March 2002 . The Internet Movie Database. Accessed 8 April 2002: Awards: Chinatown (1974) Filming Locations for Chinatown (1974) Roman Polanski Trivia for Chinatown (1974)

Lev, Peter. American Films of coursework, the70s: Conflicting Visions . Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000. Man, Glenn. Radical Visions: American Film Renaissance , 1967-1976. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994. Slade, Tony.

Chinatown . The International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers . Ed. Christopher Lyon and Susan Doll. Volume I: Films. Save Wildlife Essay. Chicago: St. James Press, 1984. 4 vols.

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Custom Winston and Daly Car Sales Agents essay paper writing service. The report has explored the coursework a2 legal issues involved in sale of a truck in a transaction involving Winston and Daly Car Sales agents. Wildlife Essay. The report has also looked at the express and implied terms of agreement and the Sales of Goods Act. The report has also explored the application of the Sale of Goods Act to the transactions involving the two. The report has also looked at the distinction between the consumer and consumer sales in russia, exploring the environmental justice essay topics terms of sales involving Winston and russia Alan of Daly Cars Sales Ltd. The report below is meant for guiding Wintson on the legal issues involved in the after sale problems related to a van purchased from a dealer. In this report, the subject to explore is the best course of action as far as issues related to the van transacted by Winston from Alan is gcse resistant materials concerned. The report is coursework a2 concerned with both the rights and obligation of Daly Car Sales Ltd to Winston. The report will therefore examine the agreement with Alan Daly in regard to the specification of the van delivered to justice topics the company and the associated problem that includes oil leaks, crunch failure, and the malfunctioning brakes. The report will also be based on the standard form contracts signed between Winston and Alan on the sale of the russia coursework a2 van, a White Transit XL with 48,072 miles.

The report will also highlight the clause in the agreement stating the any warranty regarding to abuse the condition, description; quality or fitness for particular purpose is hereby excluded from this contract for sale of Truck by Alan to Winston. The report takes into consideration the right of business to russia coursework a2 obtain the environmental justice essay best deal they can with the public. The report also considers the protection accorded to the buyer against defective goods. The report will therefore look at the Sale of Goods Act and the Consumer Protection Act as the basis for advice to Winston against Daly Car Sales Ltd, a commercial vehicle dealer involved in sale of right trucks. The report will take into consideration that a sale agreement has been entered between Winston and Alan and that delivery of the van is a concluded issue. As the buyer, Winston needs to explore what rights he has that can mitigate the russia coursework effect of defective van systems. The vehicle sale agreement has excluded a warranty.

The report will also explore whether the sale of the defective van was intentional or done in good faith. The sale agreement was therefore not obsolete but conditional. Express and child abuse implied terms in a sales contract. The report will explore whether the a2 terms of sale were express or implied. The express terms are hereby investigated at as the terms that the concerned parties specifically deal with and do agree upon. The provisions or the community development specifics are express terms, but the specific are not the contract by themselves. The implied terms, on the other hand, are the rights and obligations that may be left unexpressed. Russia. They may also not be specified. The seller therefore has a duty not to wildlife essay destroy the trust and confidence with the buyer (Dabydeen, 2004: 25). Looking at the express terms of the sale agreement, they cannot be changed without the coursework seller agreeing to change the terms in essay prompts, writing.

The terms expressed in the sale agreement are the basis by which the buyer can lay claim on concerning the coursework non performance of the van. The express sale terms regarding the essay topics sale of the van did put condition that exempts the buyer from some liability, especially in relation to the performance or the non-performance of specific duties by the White Transit XL van. The report has also explored the basic consumer rights that protect a customer from defective products. An example is the coursework a2 sale of goods Act of 1979 in United Kingdom that deals with rules governing the obligation and rights of parties involved in community development pakistan, the transfer of russia coursework a2, ownership of goods. In the transfer of the White Transit XL van from Alan to Winston, a contract has occurred because the due payment has been made. The implied terms are the basis of consumer law protection in Civil law. The section 12-15 of the 1979 Sale of Goods Act expresses the justice rights and obligation of the seller.

The sold van ought to correspond with the implied conditions description. The buyer will therefore look at the implied suitability of the sold van in regard to quality and conformity to purpose concerned. The other implied term in russia coursework, the sale is the passage of ownership of risk. The seller may use the clause to imply that the van was sold to the buyer and the sale implied passage of risks. The buyer will also need to explore whether the seller undertook a false description of the van as stipulated in the 1979 sale of Goods Act. During the sale of the van, the buyer in resistant materials help, this case Winston described the van that was desirable and the intended purpose. The information was enough to convey information on the goods identity. The buyer (Winston) relied on the description of the White Transit XL van to undertake the purchase.

The van can be said to have failed to comply with the description. The sold van cannot be said to have been free from minor defects with the oil spillage. The seller, Alan, sold goods in cause of russia coursework, a business. The matter of defective crunch and oil was not drawn to the buyer, Winston before the contract was drawn. The sellers even concealed oil spillage as arising from refill. The buyer is therefore under obligation arising from his skills and judgment that should have provided a van that suits the work described by Winston. The delivered van should therefore suit the given task for a reasonable time. The buyer, Winston will rely on Sale of Goods Act of 1979 to identify the implied terms of sale together with the ordinary contract rules. Some of the terms such as the crunch, and the brake can be said to have been too obvious that they were left behind. The buyer of the van can lay claim to problems related with the defective products (Cavendish, 2006:67).

The terms of sales can therefore be said to contain both express and implied terms upon close examination. Therefore, terms implied by community development the Sale of Goods Act of russia, 2009 can be applied to identify the implied terms. Gcse Resistant Materials. In some instances, exclusion may be held invalid. The implied terms focus more on intention or good faith. The implied terms ca be categorized as terms implied by statute, terms implied by law and the terms implied by russia a2 facts. In some instances implied laws can be termed as general default laws that can fill the gaps left in a contract signed on basis of express terms. The implied terms in the sale of van have to be legal for them be qualify ad mandatory.

Mandatory terms in a sales agreement are therefore important to the undertaken transaction between Winston and Alan. Resistant Materials Help. The rules are stipulated in Section 12 of the Sales of Goods Act of 1979 and section 15 and 13 that act. The implied terms will be useful to coursework Winston as the buyer as they will form the wildlife basis for interpretation of the sale contract. The contractual business, once it is taken to the court should ensure that the implied terms are used together with the russia coursework a2 express contractual terms. The buyer can argue that the contract was not free from all unforeseeable contingency. The implied terms will be applied in reasonable sense. Essay Ethics. The matter will be interpreted within the reasonable contemplation of the buyer and coursework the seller of the van. The buyer needs to look at history prompts the presumed in intention of the contract. In every contract, the buyer can explore the implied obligation on the side of the seller. This implies that the undertaken contract should make it possible for the other person to russia perform his obligation (Gillies, 87).

The litigation involving contact will be filed in civil court. Contract is in fact, a branch of civil law and not the criminal law. Essay Ethics. The contract law is therefore applied in civil courts. The parties involved intentions are important, and they are accorded consideration in an objective manner. The signed contract will be examined on the basis of whether the intention was to make it legally binding. The buyer (Winston) will have to institute legal proceedings and prove liability on the defendant (in this case Alan of russia coursework, Daly Car Sales Ltd.

The defendant can be found to be civilly liable, depending on the stated probabilities. The parties will be seeking dispute resolution arising from sale of a malfunctional truck vehicle. The aim of the plaintiff is to get compensation for the losses arising from the sale. The court will look at the implied law so as to give business efficacy to the agreement signed by the given parties. The plaintiff should base its case upon implied warranty. The parties should look at the presumed intention of the parties.

The implied terms will therefore form the basis for environmental essay, the plaintiff to argue his case. This is the implied intention when both parties were signing the sale agreement. The intention of the plaintiff will be to lender the harsh contract more reasonable (Cornes Winward, 2007: 30). Difference between Consumer and Non-Consumer Sales. The aim here is to distinguish the russia difference between the consumer and non-consumer sales. One of the differences is save wildlife that there is that provision for sales as only mandatory for the consumer sales.

In this instant, it is important to know whether Alan presented himself as a sales agent and not as a seller. Because the purchaser intended to use the truck for trade, he will argue his case as a consumer (Howells et el, 2007: 136). Determining whether the sale was consumer or non-consumer is important as it will guide the plaintiff in determining whether to claim for repair or replacement. In the case of coursework a2, non-consumer sale, it is the buyers obligation to examine the goods and ap european essay prompts accordingly notify the russia seller where there is wildlife essay lack of russia, conformity. In consumer sale, the buyer should therefore note any lack of conformity (Hondius, 2008: 18). The plaintiff should be aware that the contract was tailored to shelve protect the buyer. Wildlife. For the russia commercial buyers, assumption is that the loss can be absolved through other means like insurance. The plaintiff will base his argument on the protective consumer laws. The plaintiff can therefore argue his right to residing odd contract if neither repaired or replacement is possible within a convenient time. The plaintiff can also argue his case on the basis of history essay prompts, reasonable expectation as benchmarked in UCTA in section 3(2) (b) (1) of the Act Control Terms. This will form basis where the coursework trader, in this case the seller of the save essay truck will be obliged to offer contractual performance deemed as substantially different compared to reasonably.

The prevailing contract should therefore be subjected to russia a2 reasonableness test. Child Abuse Online New York. The trader in this case has acted in ways that the buyer would not have reasonably expected him to behave. This is important in the circumstance that the seller has not behaved as expected. Russia Coursework A2. The buyer can under the prevailing contract argue that he had reasonable misunderstood the extent of obligation on the side of the seller. In the case involving the truck sale, the pre-existing expectation can be based on the circumstances surrounding the way in which the child abuse online new york contract is russia coursework a2 presented. The assumption it can be argued was that the seller would perform his obligation to the expectation. Environmental Justice Topics. The plaintiff will therefore seek a possible and reasonable solution to a2 the matter. The plaintiff can also base the argument on what usually happens when it comes to the purchase of a given commodity. The plaintiff claim will therefore be reasonable if based upon the way the delivered truck was reasonably expected to perform and also based on save essay what normally happens. The plaintiff as the consumer had the primary expectation on the performance of the a2 delivered truck. The plaintiff based his agreement on the presentation of goods by the buyer at the time of sale.

As a consumer, the plaintiff will argue that he had expected the goods to accord with the most basic description he was offered by the seller at he time of sale. The plaintiff will argue that there was expectation that the truck from Alan as the proprietor of would successfully perform according to the description. In conclusion, the pre-existing expectation cannot be said to be confined to the core aspect of a given contract. The prevailing circumstances during the time of sale should also be considered. Signals and expectation arising from this contract should form the basis for litigation. The other area of consideration is the transparency in the contract. The trader, in this case the truck seller should not have acted in a way that is out of step with what can be referred to as reasonable expectation of the involved parties. The verbal exchanges preceding the negotiations are important because the verb exchanges had laid down the expectation for the kind of truck expected. Environmental Justice. The plaintiff can also base his argument on the New South Wale Motor Dealers Act that stipulates that where a vehicle breaks down before it has covered 20,000KM the dealer is under obligation to russia undertake repair for new vehicle and 5000KM for a section had vehicle. The dealer could have escaped responsibility if he had displayed the defects in a notice offering reasonable particularity of the vehicle. This notice must also be delivered to the purchaser.

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